The Fear of Monkeys - The Best E-Zine on the Web for Politically Conscious WritingCelebes Crested Macaque - Issue Forty-One
The Fear of Monkeys
Get To Know

The Lar Gibbon  from Christiano Artuso The Celebes Crested Macaque is an Old World monkey that lives in the Tangkoko reserve (home of the biggest crested macaque population remaining in the species' original distribution range) in the north-eastern tip of the Indonesian island of Sulawesi as well as on smaller neighbouring islands. The Celebes crested macaque is a diurnal rain forest dweller. This macaque is primarily terrestrial, spending most of its day on the ground foraging for food and socializing, while sleeping and searching for food in the trees. They are frugivorous, with most of their diet fruit, although they also eat leaves, buds, seeds, fungus, small birds and bird eggs, insects (such as beetles and caterpillars) worms, snails and the occasional small lizard or frog. Locally known as yaki or wolai, its skin and hairless face is, with the exception of some white hair in the shoulder range, entirely jet black. Unusual for a primate, it has striking reddish-brown eyes. The long muzzle with high cheeks and the long hair tuft, or crest, at the top of the head are remarkable features. It has an "apelike" appearance due to its almost non-existent, non-visible, vestigial tail stub of only approximately 2 cm. With a total body length of 44 cm to 60 cm and a weight of 3.6 kg to 10.4 kg, it is one of the smaller macaque species. Its life expectancy is estimated at approximately 15-20 years in the wild. They typically live in groups of five to twenty-five animals, and occasionally in groups of up to seventy-five animals. Smaller groups have only a single adult male, while larger groups have up to four adult males. However, adult females always outnumber adult males by about 4:1. Young adult males are forced to leave their birth group upon maturity, sometimes forming bachelor groups before seeking a connection to an existing adult mixed-sex group. Communication consists of various sounds and gestures; such as the presentation of the long canine teeth while grimacing, a clearly threatening gesture. They are promiscuous, with both males and females mating multiple times with multiple partners. The receptivity of the females is clearly indicated by an extreme tumescence (swelling) and redness of their buttocks which, in contrast to the black skin color, is particularly noticeable. The gestation time is 174 days, and the birth of the usually single offspring happens in the spring when food is more plentiful. Young animals are nursed for approximately one year, becoming fully mature in three to four years, females somewhat sooner than males. Because they live from crops and fields, they are hunted as a pest. They are also hunted for the bushmeat trade. Clearing the rain forests further threatens their survival. Their situation on the small neighbouring islands of Sulawesi (such as Bacan) is somewhat better, since these have a low human population. The total population of the macaque on Sulawesi is estimated at 4,000-6,000, while a booming population of up to 100,000 monkeys is found on Bacan.




Tim Goldstone

The abandoned church
cushioned in the perfect English valley
was long ago prised apart
and lowered to the ground
by wild growth
that ousted all trace
of the plump sweet-smelling priest
who blessed the raw lads --
South Africa bound,
told them to do their duty --
and two years later claimed Kindness
as an exclusive quality of British Empire
as the soldier in the back pew,
nearest to the door,
newly returned from the Veldt,
vowed that would be
the last of the spells he would listen to
from the well-fed mouths
of the robed and the comfortable,
the Boer War having found him
part of the work party
swearing at splinters,
replacing the floorboards pock-marked by
the stiletto heels
of the ballgowned wives of officers,
the planks to be sold to Boer mothers
for their children
who had starved to death
to be buried in coffins
that had been danced on.

Tim Goldstone lives in Wales and has travelled widely including roaming and working throughout the UK, Western and Eastern Europe, and North Africa. His writing has appeared or is forthcoming in The Mechanics Institute Review Anthology, Red Poets, Madness Muse Press, Stand Magazine, The Bangor Literary Journal, The New Welsh Review, Flash: The International Short-Short Story Magazine, 11 Mag Berlin, among others. Prose sequence read on stage at The Hay Festival. Material included in the BBC and Sherman Cymru Theatre websites. Twitter @muddygold


All Content Copyright of Fear of Monkeys