Wied's Marmoset is a New World monkey that lives in lowland
and sub-montane humid forest, seasonal rain forest, and white sand
piašava forest of eastern Brazil. They are also known to use cacao
plantations which are shaded with some native trees remaining from
the original forest, and secondary growth forest in abandoned rubber
plantations. They eat fruits, flowers, nectar, plant exudates (gums,
saps, latex) and animal prey (including frogs, snails, lizards,
spiders and insects). They gouge trees trunks, branches and vines
of certain species to stimulate the flow of gum, which they eat,
and in some species form a notable component of the diet. Since
these are harvested from the middle and lower part of the forest,
they often travel and forage in the company of the golden-headed
lion tamarin, which is also foraging in the canopy. The coloring
of Wied's marmoset is mostly black, with white markings on cheeks
and forehead. It has rings on its tail and black tufts of fur coming
out of its ears. They are distinguished from the other monkeys of
the New World by their small size, modified claws rather than nails
on all digits except the big toe, the presence of two as opposed
to three molar teeth in either side of each jaw, and by the occurrence
of twin births. Unlike other marmosets, they lives in groups consisting
of 4 or 5 females and 2 or 3 males (plus children). They are matriarchal,
and only the dominant female is allowed to mate. They are highly
social, spending much of their time grooming. They have individually
distinctive calls, and also communicate through gestures and olfactory
markings. The groups defend home ranges 10-40 hectares, the size
depending on availability and distribution of foods and second-growth
patches. They are currently listed as Near Threatened as they are
believed to have experienced a decline in the order of 20-25% over
the past 18 years primarily as a result of habitat loss. They are
also eaten by birds of prey (the harpy eagle, the gray hawk, the
roadside hawk and the white-tailed hawk), felines (the jaguar, jaguarundi
and ocelot) and snakes. Since it is rather adaptable to anthropogenic
disturbance, declines are unlikely to be such that the species would
require listing in a threatened category.
Most of the Time
I was soloing, and the crowd was swaying back and forth,
some of them yelling, "Go man, go. . ."
Then all of a sudden it started to rain, then hail, then
a gust of wind
blew everyone into the air.
I wound up on a pirate ship in the 18th century with a bunch
of guys who were complete savages, but at least they spoke
One of them, who was the easiest to understand
said we were on our way to some island where there was lots
women, and maybe even a couple of buried treasures.
With that I pretty much became a pirate too, my job being
everyone with stories of what is was like to live in my
And, of course, I explained that in some respects not much
in over 300 years, that those with lots of money still have
all the power
and are considered smart and good by most people
regardless of how they accumulated their wealth.
And technology is so advanced that we can now replace
body parts and see and talk to each other through computers.
That robots are replacing people's jobs all over the place,
and some people will soon be able to live beyond their natural
by having their brains put into robot machines. . .
and on and on I told a rapt audience
most of whom said they envied me,
living in such exciting times.
But I responded that even though they were exciting times,
I felt lost and confused most of the time. . .
Jeffrey Zable is a teacher and conga drummer who plays Afro Cuban
Folkloric music for dance classes and Rumbas around the San Francisco
Bay Area. His poetry, fiction, and non-fiction have appeared in
hundreds of literary magazines and anthologies. Recent writing in
Serving House Journal, Mocking Heart Review, Kairos, Third Wednesday,
Futures Trading, Tower Journal, and many others.